Energy autonomous buildings : a review

Mohammadi, Saeed (2019) Energy autonomous buildings : a review. In: 7th International Energy Conference, November 2019-Kuwait, 2019-11-18 - 2019-11-21. (

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Because of growing worldwide population, the increase of Co2 emissions and energy costs, the need to create sustainable and efficient buildings is greater than ever. Energy autonomous buildings, which rely on clean ambient sources, can help to create extreme Low-Carbon (LC) buildings. However, resilience-housing and energy design, trigger the radical thinking for Autonomous Buildings (ABs). This ABs idea focused on particular interest for 'independent building and energy autonomy'. This is a zero-carbon building that utilises 100% clean energy. Moreover, the building responsible to maintain internal and external environmental comfort. This paper analyses several examples for ABs developed over the past five decades. For instance, Robert and Branda Vale demonstrated their 'autonomous house' in the 1970s [Vale & Vale, 2000]. Over ten years later, Building Research Established in the UK, built 'Integer House' in 1998, was known as 'Intelligent and Green' building [Wood, 2011]. This ABs assessment aim to provide a comprehensive literature review, to identify the definitions and boundaries of 'autonomous'.