Composite Classes, Class Size and Human Capital Accumulation

Borbely, Daniel and Gehrsitz, Markus and McIntyre, Stuart and Rossi, Gennaro and Roy, Graeme (2021) Composite Classes, Class Size and Human Capital Accumulation. Fraser of Allander Institute, Glasgow.

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In this project, we studied the effects of classroom composition, in particular multi-grade ("composite") classes, and class size on pupils' attainment in primary schools. Both features have received ample attention from academics, practitioners, and policy makers. Yet, due to a lack of data and robust empirical methods, evidence on peer effects and the impact of class structure has been scant. Our project turned to Scotland to overcome these obstacles and fill this knowledge gap.