Shot peening effects on residual stresses redistribution of offshore wind monopile multi-pass weldments

Khajeian, A. and Mahmoudi, A.H. and Mehmanparast, A. (2019) Shot peening effects on residual stresses redistribution of offshore wind monopile multi-pass weldments. Marine Structures, 66. pp. 106-120. ISSN 0951-8339 (

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In some industrial applications, welding is the only alternative to join different parts. However, the major problem in welded structures is the tensile residual stresses that are inevitably produced during welding process. Surface tensile stresses can threaten the performance of the weldments as they act as an accelerant in fatigue crack initiation and failure. Shot peening is a well-known method which can enhance weldments' fatigue performance and longevity by inducing surface compressive residual stresses in order to eliminate or limit tensile residual stresses. In this study, the effect of shot peening on redistribution of multi-pass welding residual stresses was numerically and experimentally investigated on very large components typical of welded joints used in offshore wind turbine monopiles. In experimental part of the study, the residual stresses were measured using the Incremental Centre Hole Drilling (ICHD) method before and after shot peening. Finite element studies were carried out using 3D welding models and random shot peening analyses. Moreover, extensive finite element analyses were conducted to study the effect of model dimensions and the number of passes on prediction of welding residual stresses. Interesting set of results obtained from both the numerical studies and the ICHD measurements were in good agreements and showed that shot peening can be advantageous even for large components with multi-pass welded joints. Additionally, reducing the number of weld passes in finite element models could considerably lower the computational time without affecting the accuracy of results at surface regions of the models.