Arabic fake news detection based on textual analysis

Himdi, Hanen and Weir, George and Assiri, Fatmah and Al-Barhamtoshy, Hassanin (2022) Arabic fake news detection based on textual analysis. Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering. ISSN 2191-4281 (https://doi.org/10.1007/s13369-021-06449-y)

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Abstract

Over the years, social media has had a considerable impact on the way we share information and send messages. With this comes the problem of the rapid distribution of fake news which can have neg ative impacts on both individuals and society. Given the potential negative influence, detecting unmonitored "fake news" has become a critical issue in mainstream media. While there are recent studies that built machine learning models that detect fake news in several languages, lack of studies in detecting fake news in the Arabic language is scare. Hence, in this paper, we study the issue of fake news detection in the Arabic language based on textual analysis. In an attempt to address the challenges of authenticating news, we introduce a supervised machine learning model that classifies Arabic news articles based on their context's credibility. We also introduce the first dataset of Arabic fake news articles composed through crowdsourcing. Subsequently, to extract textual features from the articles, we create a unique approach of forming Arabic lexical wordlists and design an Arabic Natural Language Processing tool to perform textual features extraction. The findings of this study promises great results and outperformed human performance in the same task.

ORCID iDs

Himdi, Hanen, Weir, George ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6264-4480, Assiri, Fatmah and Al-Barhamtoshy, Hassanin;