Hydrodynamics of a dual-module pontoon-net floating breakwater system : numerical simulations and prototype tests

Cheng, Yong and Ji, Chun-yan and Gu, Xue-kang and Huo, Fa-li and Cui, Jie and Yuan, Zhi-Ming (2021) Hydrodynamics of a dual-module pontoon-net floating breakwater system : numerical simulations and prototype tests. Journal of Hydrodynamics, 33. 915–927. ISSN 1001-6058 (https://doi.org/10.1007/s42241-021-0081-1)

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Abstract

Floating breakwaters with a mooring system have been widely applied to protect marine infrastructures (e.g., artificial beach or island, aquaculture farm or marine vessels in harbors) from being destroyed by severe waves. In this paper, an innovative cylindrical dual pontoon-net floating breakwater was developed to enhance the wave attenuation capacity. This dual-module floating breakwater system was constructed as the prototype for on-site testing. A fully nonlinear time-domain model based on the coupled iterative solutions of the fluid integral equation and the pontoon-net dynamic equations was proposed to simulate the interactions between waves and the floating breakwater system. The flow field around the nets was simulated by introducing a porous-media model with Darcy’s law, while the deformation of the flexible nets was solved by using the lumped mass model. The instantaneous free surface was captured using the mixed Eulerian-Lagrangian (MEL) approach which employs an improved moving-grid technique based on the spring analysis to re-mesh the instantaneous water surface and the body wetted surface. On-site tests were also conducted to evaluate wave transmission performance of the floating breakwater system and to validate the numerical model. The comparisons show that the numerical solutions are in good agreement with the measured data. The effects of incident wave direction, wave period, wave height, net height, net number and net porosity on the hydrodynamic performance of the floating breakwater system were emphatically examined.

ORCID iDs

Cheng, Yong, Ji, Chun-yan, Gu, Xue-kang, Huo, Fa-li, Cui, Jie and Yuan, Zhi-Ming ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9908-1813;