Grid forming converters in renewable energy sources dominated power grid : control strategy, stability, application, and challenges

Zhang, Haobo and Xiang, Wang and Lin, Weixing and Wen, Jinyu (2021) Grid forming converters in renewable energy sources dominated power grid : control strategy, stability, application, and challenges. Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy, 9 (6). pp. 1239-1256. ISSN 2196-5420

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    Abstract

    The renewable energy sources (RESs) dominated power grid is an envisaged infrastructure of the future power system, where the commonly used grid following (GFL) control for grid-tied converters suffers from lacking grid support capability, low stability, etc. Recently, emerging grid forming (GFM) control methods have been proposed to improve the dynamic performance and stability of grid-tied converters. This paper reviews existing GFM control methods for the grid-tied converters and compares them in terms of control structure, grid support capability, fault current limiting, and stability. Considering the impact of fault current limiting strategies, a comprehensive transient stability analysis is provided. In addition, this paper explores the typical applications of GFM converters, such as AC microgrid and offshore wind farm high-voltage direct current (OWF-HVDC) integration systems. Finally, the challenges to the GFM converters in future applications are discussed.

    ORCID iDs

    Zhang, Haobo, Xiang, Wang ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4619-5849, Lin, Weixing and Wen, Jinyu;