An adaptive reclosing scheme based on phase characteristics for MMC-HVDC systems

Zheng, Tao and Lv, Wenxuan and Li, Rui (2021) An adaptive reclosing scheme based on phase characteristics for MMC-HVDC systems. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery. ISSN 0885-8977 (

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To improve the reliability of power supply, reclosing schemes are required after transient faults, which commonly occur in overhead line based high voltage DC (HVDC) systems. However, in the event of permanent faults, the auto-reclosing scheme may cause a severe strike. To avoid the severe impacts caused by permanent faults, the fault type should be discriminated before activating the reclosing scheme. Therefore, an adaptive reclosing scheme based on phase characteristics is proposed in this paper. Firstly, the modulation of a periodic voltage by actively controlling the hybrid DC circuit breaker (DCCB) is introduced. Then, a cascaded π equivalent model and its decoupling algorithm are presented to analyze the frequency-domain characteristics of the measured impedance of the coupled overhead lines. From the frequency-domain characteristics, the frequency of the periodic detecting voltage is determined to analyze the phase features of the measured impedance at primary frequency. The permanent or transient faults can thus be accurately identified by using these different phase characteristics, with negligible influence on the healthy lines. In addition, the proposed scheme is robust to various fault resistances, leading to improved reliability. The effectiveness of the proposed scheme is verified in PSCAD/EMTDC.