Modelling electric vehicles use : a survey on the methods

Daina, Nicolò and Sivakumar, Aruna and Polak, John W. (2017) Modelling electric vehicles use : a survey on the methods. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 68 (Part 1). pp. 447-460. ISSN 1879-0690 (

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In the literature electric vehicle use is modelled using of a variety of approaches in power systems, energy and environmental analyses as well as in travel demand analysis. This paper provides a systematic review of these diverse approaches using a twofold classification of electric vehicle use representation, based on the time scale and on substantive differences in the modelling techniques. For time of day analysis of demand we identify activity-based modelling (ABM) as the most attractive because it provides a framework amenable for integrated cross-sector analyses, required for the emerging integration of the transport and electricity network. However, we find that the current examples of implementation of AMB simulation tools for EV-grid interaction analyses have substantial limitations. Amongst the most critical there is the lack of realism how charging behaviour is represented.