Contact-line deposits from multiple evaporating droplets

Wray, Alexander W. and Wray, Patrick S. and Duffy, Brian R. and Wilson, Stephen K. (2021) Contact-line deposits from multiple evaporating droplets. Physical Review Fluids, 6 (7). 073604. ISSN 2469-990X (

[thumbnail of Wray-etal-PRF-2021-Contact-line-deposits-from-multiple-evaporating-droplets]
Text. Filename: Wray_etal_PRF_2021_Contact_line_deposits_from_multiple_evaporating_droplets.pdf
Final Published Version
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 logo

Download (2MB)| Preview


Building on the recent theoretical work of Wray et al. l [J. Fluid Mech. 884, A45 (2020)] concerning the competitive diffusion-limited evaporation of multiple thin sessile droplets in proximity to each other, we obtain theoretical predictions for the spatially non-uniform densities of the contact-line deposits (often referred to as "coffee stains" or "ring stains") left on the substrate after such droplets containing suspended solid particles have completely evaporated. Neighbouring droplets interact via their vapour fields, which results in a spatially non-uniform "shielding" effect. We give predictions for the deposits from a pair of identical droplets, which show that the deposit is reduced the most where the droplets are closest together, and demonstrate excellent quantitative agreement with experimental results of Pradhan and Panigrahi [Colloids. Surf. A 482, 562-567 (2015)]. We also give corresponding predictions for a triplet of identical droplets arranged in an equilateral triangle, which show that the effect of shielding on the deposit is more subtle in this case.