Uncertain accessibility estimation method for offshore wind farm based on multi-step probabilistic wave forecasting

Zhang, Hao and Yan, Jie and Han, Shuang and Li, Li and Liu, Yongqian and Infield, David (2021) Uncertain accessibility estimation method for offshore wind farm based on multi-step probabilistic wave forecasting. IET Renewable Power Generation. ISSN 1752-1416 (In Press)

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    Abstract

    Accessibility estimation is significant to the offshore wind farm operation and maintenance (O&M) due to the extremely limited weather window and its sensitive effects on O&M tasks. Wave forecasting can be one solution to help maintenance decision-making. However, the uncertain and dynamic properties of wave forecasts are seldom considered in the accessibility estimation process. This paper presents an uncertain accessibility estimation method based on a multi-step probabilistic wave height forecasting (MPWHF) model and Monte Carlo simulation. Firstly, an MPWHF model is proposed using the wavelet decomposition and the sequence to sequence(Seq2Seq) network with quantile outputs. Secondly, the O&M missions are randomly given a start time and simulated in the O&M flow chart by the Monte Carlo method. Finally, several access indexes, including accessibility probability, delay time, and delay probability, are evaluated based on the simulation results. Verification of the proposed MPWHF model and uncertain accessibility estimation is based on 7-year observation data of a buoy station. The results show that the MPWHF model outperforms other counterparts and the probability of offshore accessibility is nonlinearly dependent on the weather limits and the O&M required time.