Early outcomes in robotic arm-assisted bi-unicompartmental knee arthroplasty compared to total knee arthroplasty : a prospective, randomised controlled trial

Blyth, Mark J. G. and Banger, Matthew S. and Doonan, James and Jones, Bryn G. and MacLean, Angus D. and Rowe, Philip J. (2021) Early outcomes in robotic arm-assisted bi-unicompartmental knee arthroplasty compared to total knee arthroplasty : a prospective, randomised controlled trial. The Bone and Joint Journal, 103-B (10). pp. 1561-1570. ISSN 2049-4394

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    Abstract

    The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of robotic arm-assisted bi-unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (bi-UKA) with conventional mechanically aligned total knee arthroplasty (TKA) during the first six weeks and at one year postoperatively. A per protocol analysis of 76 patients, 43 of whom underwent TKA and 34 of whom underwent bi-UKA, was performed from a prospective, single-centre, randomized controlled trial. Diaries kept by the patients recorded pain, function, and the use of analgesics daily throughout the first week and weekly between the second and sixth weeks. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) were compared preoperatively, and at three months and one year postoperatively. Data were also compared longitudinally and a subgroup analysis was conducted, stratified by preoperative PROM status. Both operations were shown to offer comparable outcomes, with no significant differences between the groups across all timepoints and outcome measures. Both groups also had similarly low rates of complications. Subgroup analysis for preoperative psychological state, activity levels, and BMI showed no difference in outcomes between the two groups. Robotic arm-assisted, cruciate-sparing bi-UKA offered similar early clinical outcomes and rates of complications to a mechanically aligned TKA, both in the immediate postoperative period and up to one year following surgery. Further work is required to identify which patients with osteoarthritis of the knee will derive benefit from a cruciate-sparing bi-UKA. Cite this article: 2021;103-B(10):1561-1570.

    ORCID iDs

    Blyth, Mark J. G., Banger, Matthew S. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6672-5379, Doonan, James, Jones, Bryn G., MacLean, Angus D. and Rowe, Philip J. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4877-8466;