Joint association of birth weight and physical activity/sedentary behavior with obesity in children ages 9-11 years from 12 countries

Qiao, Yijuan and Zhang, Tao and Liu, Hongyan and Katzmarzyk, Peter T. and Chaput, Jean Philippe and Fogelholm, Mikael and Johnson, William D. and Kuriyan, Rebecca and Kurpad, Anura and Lambert, Estelle V. and Maher, Carol and Maia, José A.R. and Matsudo, Victor Keihan Rodrigues and Olds, Timothy and Onywera, Vincent and Sarmiento, Olga L. and Standage, Martyn and Tremblay, Mark S. and Tudor-Locke, Catrine and Zhao, Pei and Hu, Gang and Church, Timothy S. and Lambert, Denise G. and Barreira, Tiago and Broyles, Stephanie and Butitta, Ben and Champagne, Catherine and Cocreham, Shannon and Denstel, Kara D. and Drazba, Katy and Harrington, Deirdre and Johnson, William and Milauskas, Dione and Mire, Emily and Tohme, Allison and Rodarte, Ruben and Amoroso, Bobby and Luopa, John and Neiberg, Rebecca and Rushing, Scott and Lewis, Lucy and Ferrar, Katia and Georgiadis, Effie and Stanley, Rebecca and Matsudo, Victor Keihan Rodrigues and Matsudo, Sandra and Araujo, Timoteo and de Oliveira, Luis Carlos and Fabiano, Luis and Wang, Yue, for the ISCOLE Research Group (2017) Joint association of birth weight and physical activity/sedentary behavior with obesity in children ages 9-11 years from 12 countries. Obesity, 25 (6). pp. 1091-1097. ISSN 1930-7381 (https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.21792)

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Abstract

Objective: To examine the joint association of birth weight and physical activity/sedentary time with childhood obesity in 12 countries. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 5,088 children aged 9 to 11 years was conducted. Birth weight was recalled by parents or guardians. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior were objectively measured using accelerometry. Results: The association of birth weight with the odds of obesity, central obesity, and high body fat was significant among children with either low MVPA or high sedentary time but not among children with either high MVPA or low sedentary time. In comparison with children with normal birth weight and high MVPA, children with high birth weight and low MVPA showed 4.48- to 5.18-fold higher odds of obesity, central obesity, and high body fat; children with normal birth weight and low MVPA showed 3.00- to 3.30-fold higher odds of obesity, central obesity, and high body fat, and children with high birth weight and high MVPA showed 1.16- to 1.68-fold higher odds of obesity, central obesity, and high body fat. Conclusions: High MVPA is more important than high birth weight as a correlate of obesity in children.

ORCID iDs

Qiao, Yijuan, Zhang, Tao, Liu, Hongyan, Katzmarzyk, Peter T., Chaput, Jean Philippe, Fogelholm, Mikael, Johnson, William D., Kuriyan, Rebecca, Kurpad, Anura, Lambert, Estelle V., Maher, Carol, Maia, José A.R., Matsudo, Victor Keihan Rodrigues, Olds, Timothy, Onywera, Vincent, Sarmiento, Olga L., Standage, Martyn, Tremblay, Mark S., Tudor-Locke, Catrine, Zhao, Pei, Hu, Gang, Church, Timothy S., Lambert, Denise G., Barreira, Tiago, Broyles, Stephanie, Butitta, Ben, Champagne, Catherine, Cocreham, Shannon, Denstel, Kara D., Drazba, Katy, Harrington, Deirdre ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0278-6812, Johnson, William, Milauskas, Dione, Mire, Emily, Tohme, Allison, Rodarte, Ruben, Amoroso, Bobby, Luopa, John, Neiberg, Rebecca, Rushing, Scott, Lewis, Lucy, Ferrar, Katia, Georgiadis, Effie, Stanley, Rebecca, Matsudo, Victor Keihan Rodrigues, Matsudo, Sandra, Araujo, Timoteo, de Oliveira, Luis Carlos, Fabiano, Luis and Wang, Yue;