An introduction to perfect and imperfect competition via bilateral oligopoly

Dickson, Alex and Tonin, Simone (2021) An introduction to perfect and imperfect competition via bilateral oligopoly. Journal of Economics, 133 (2). pp. 103-128. ISSN 0931-8658 (

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This paper explores the study of bilateral oligopoly, in which both sellers and buyers have substantial influence on the market. We lead readers coherently through the key results that emerge from the literature on bilateral oligopoly by means of worked examples based on the same underlying two commodity exchange economy, along with broader consideration of the relevant literature. This allows us to concisely compare the different equilibrium outcomes when agents act simultaneously vs sequentially, and when some/all agents are assumed to behave competitively, giving the reader much-needed straightforward access to the results of this challenging literature.


Dickson, Alex ORCID logoORCID: and Tonin, Simone;