Validating grid-forming capabilities of hybrid power park technologies in future OFTO networks

Dysko, Adam and Ierna, Richard and Yu, Mengran and Egea-Alvarez, Agusti and Avras, Andreas and Li, Can and Horley, Mark and Booth, Campbell and Urdal, Helge (2020) Validating grid-forming capabilities of hybrid power park technologies in future OFTO networks. IET Renewable Power Generation. ISSN 1752-1416 (In Press)

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In recent years there has been considerable interest in convertor based generating solutions which to a greater or lesser extent mimic the behaviour of synchronous machines, thus overcoming many of the disadvantages of the existing technologies which are potentially destabilising at high penetration. Such solutions are frequently referred to as Grid Forming Convertors (GFC). This paper focuses the application of GFC technologies in offshore windfarms, where installation, maintenance and/or modification of any offshore equipment is very expensive and carries greater commercial risks, requiring extensive testing and confidence building prior to deployment in real applications. This is time consuming and particularly significant for GB and where there are large quantities of offshore generation. Onshore solutions to stability are therefore desirable for Off-Shore Transmission Owners (OFTOs), especially, if they could be applied by retrofitting to existing conventional converter plant. Consequently, this paper proposes and investigates the performance of hybrid solutions for offshore networks where the conventional STATCOM onshore unit is replaced by alternative options such as synchronous compensator and VSM converter of similar (or appropriate) rating with the aim of achieving Grid-Forming capability. A laboratory scale implementation of the proposed control algorithm is also presented with selected validation test results.