Recent advances in therapeutic applications of neutralizing antibodies for virus infections : an overview

Ali, Manasik Gumah and Zhang, Zhening and Gao, Qi and Pan, Mingzhu and Rowan, Edward G. and Zhang, Juan (2020) Recent advances in therapeutic applications of neutralizing antibodies for virus infections : an overview. Immunologic Research, 68 (6). pp. 325-339. ISSN 1559-0755

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    Abstract

    Antibodies are considered as an excellent foundation to neutralize pathogens and as highly specific therapeutic agents. Antibodies are generated in response to a vaccine but little use as immunotherapy to combat virus infections. A new generation of broadly cross-reactive and highly potent antibodies has led to a unique chance for them to be used as a medical intervention. Neutralizing antibodies (monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies) are desirable for pharmaceutical products because of their ability to target specific epitopes with their variable domains by precise neutralization mechanisms. The isolation of neutralizing antiviral antibodies has been achieved by Phage displayed antibody libraries, transgenic mice, B cell approaches, and hybridoma technology. Antibody engineering technologies have led to efficacy improvements, to further boost antibody in vivo activities. “Although neutralizing antiviral antibodies have some limitations that hinder their full development as therapeutic agents, the potential for prevention and treatment of infections, including a range of viruses (HIV, Ebola, MERS-COV, CHIKV, SARS-CoV, and SARS-CoV2), are being actively pursued in human clinical trials.”.