Protection of microgrid with high amounts of renewables : challenges and solutions

Liu, Di and Tzelepis, Dimitrios and Dysko, Adam; (2019) Protection of microgrid with high amounts of renewables : challenges and solutions. In: 2019 54th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC). IEEE, ROM. ISBN 978-1-7281-3349-2 (

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Microgrid is a small-scale network including generators, loads and storage system, which provides a friendly way for the penetration of renewables and releases the burden of transmission system arising from the increased energy demand. Moreover, since microgrid can operate in islanded mode, it can provide backup power to local consumers when the main grid is disconnected. However, the utilization of microgrid causes serious problems in the area of power system protection. The main issues comprise varied fault levels in different operating modes and fault detection in islanded microgrid particularly when the microgrid is dominated by inverter based DGs (IIDGs). In addition, to avoid non-necessary power losses raised from multi-stage power conversion of DC loads and generators, DC microgrid becomes another attractive choice, which further increases the difficult on designing protection system for the futuristic microgrid. In this paper, a comprehensive review of the existing issues and protection methods for AC and DC microgrids is presented. Furthermore, to facilitate better understanding to readers, the benefits and limitations of each method are discussed in depth. Potential protection tools for future microgrid are suggested at the end of this paper.