Using rotor inertia as stored energy in below rated wind farms to provide primary frequency response

Cole, Matthew and Stock, Adam and Leithead, W.E. and Amos, Lindsey (2020) Using rotor inertia as stored energy in below rated wind farms to provide primary frequency response. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1618 (2). 022026. ISSN 1742-6588

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    Abstract

    The objective of this work is to present a method for providing ancillary services to the grid with minimal reduction in power output from the turbines in a wind farm by utilising the stored energy in the turbine rotors. By first demonstrating an approach of extracting energy from a single turbine's rotor, it can be shown that this could lead to increased energy yields while still being able to provide primary response provision compared to curtailing each turbine by 10%. Following this, when this approach is tested at the wind farm level there is considerable evidence that considering the energy stored in the turbine rotors across a wind farm can lead to increases in energy capture while not significantly increasing damage equivalent loads for either towers or blades.