Effect of the internal pressure and external loads on nozzles in cylindrical vessel

Bozkurt, Murat and Nash, David and Uzzaman, Asraf (2020) Effect of the internal pressure and external loads on nozzles in cylindrical vessel. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 938 (1). 012007. ISSN 1757-899X (https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/938/1/012007)

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Understanding the potential for supporting the maximum loading conditions in the system is a key feature in the design and analysis of pressure vessel applications. This is especially important for thin-walled pressure vessels, when stresses even reaching the initial material yield point could lead to very dangerous situations. Pressure vessels may be subjected to stresses arising from a variety of loading conditions including internal pressure and multiple external loads from attached piping systems. Once the yield point has been exceeded, the structure can accommodate more loading until the plastic zone becomes excessive leading to plastic collapse. This can be challenging to establish especially when external loads act in tandem with internal pressure. Therefore, this paper develops a finite element method for the limit load analysis of a single-nozzle cylindrical pressure vessel under internal pressure and external loading in a variety of combinations. Thereafter, a parametric study is presented covering various loading conditions, both singly and in combination. Finally, a comparison is made shown the interaction effects of the effects on the limit load for changes in vessel geometry and appropriate conclusions drawn.