Impact of non-minimum-phase zeros on the weak-grid-tied VSC

Wu, Guanglu and Zhao, Bing and Zhang, Xi and Wang, Shanshan and Egea-Àlvarez, Agusti and Sun, Yuany uan and Li, Yingbiao and Guo, Deyang and Zhou, Xiaoxin (2020) Impact of non-minimum-phase zeros on the weak-grid-tied VSC. IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy. ISSN 1949-3029 (

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Right-half-plain (RHP) zeros can significantly deteriorate a control system’s dynamic performances as it exhibits non-minimum-phase behaviors. In this paper, we investigate the occurrence mechanism of RHP zeros in weak-grid-tied VSCs as well as provide guidance for minimizing their effects. A reduced order multi-input multi-output (MIMO) transfer function of the weak-grid-tied VSC is firstly obtained. Then, the single-input single-output (SISO) transfer function to study the impact of the RHP zeros on the power response is further derived. The existence of RHP zeros is examined by applying the Routh criterion on the numerator of the SISO open-loop transfer function. We find that RHP zeros can exist either when the VSC works as an inverter or a rectifier. Furthermore, large grid impedance values as well as operation points with high active power values can result in a non-minimum-phase system. It is also shown that RHP zeros limit the minimum PLL bandwidth. Simulation results and RTDS experiments validate the correctness of the analysis and the conclusions obtained.