Top soil physical and chemical properties in Kazakhstan across a north-south gradient

Yapiyev, Vadim and Gilman, Charles P. and Kabdullayeva, Tolganay and Suleimenova, Akmaral and Shagadatova, Aizhan and Duisembay, Azat and Naizabekov, Sanzhar and Mussurova, Saule and Sydykova, Kamilya and Raimkulov, Ilyas and Kabimoldayev, Ilyas and Abdrakhmanova, Ainagul and Omarkulova, Symbat and Nurmukhambetov, Dastan and Kudarova, Aliya and Malgazhdar, Daniyar and Schönbach, Christian and Inglezakis, Vassilis (2018) Top soil physical and chemical properties in Kazakhstan across a north-south gradient. Scientific Data, 5. 180242. ISSN 2052-4463

[thumbnail of Yapiyev-etal-SD2018-Top-soil-physical-chemical-properties-Kazakhstan-across-north-south-gradient]
Preview
Text (Yapiyev-etal-SD2018-Top-soil-physical-chemical-properties-Kazakhstan-across-north-south-gradient)
Yapiyev_etal_SD2018_Top_soil_physical_chemical_properties_Kazakhstan_across_north_south_gradient.pdf
Final Published Version
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 logo

Download (1MB)| Preview

    Abstract

    Kazakhstan’s soil properties have yet to be comprehensively characterized. We sampled 40 sites consisting of ten major soil types at spring (wet) and late-summer (dry) seasons. The sample locations range from semi-arid to arid with an annual mean air temperature from 1.2 to 10.7 °C and annual precipitation from less than 200 to around 400 mm. Overall topsoil total (STC), organic (SOC), and inorganic (SIC) carbon did not change significantly between spring and late summer. STC and SOC show a wave like pattern from north to south with two maxima in northern and southern Kazakhstan and one minimum in central Kazakhstan. With a few exceptions SIC content at northern sites is generally low, whereas at Lake Balkhash SIC can exceed 75% of STC. Independent of the seasons, SOC significantly differed among soil types. Total nitrogen content distribution among our sampling sites followed a similar pattern as SOC with significant differences between soil types occurring in northern, central and southern Kazakhstan.

    ORCID iDs

    Yapiyev, Vadim, Gilman, Charles P., Kabdullayeva, Tolganay, Suleimenova, Akmaral, Shagadatova, Aizhan, Duisembay, Azat, Naizabekov, Sanzhar, Mussurova, Saule, Sydykova, Kamilya, Raimkulov, Ilyas, Kabimoldayev, Ilyas, Abdrakhmanova, Ainagul, Omarkulova, Symbat, Nurmukhambetov, Dastan, Kudarova, Aliya, Malgazhdar, Daniyar, Schönbach, Christian and Inglezakis, Vassilis ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0195-0417;