Measuring the level of environmental performance in insular areas, through key performed indicators, in the framework of waste strategy development

Loizia, Pantelitsa and Voukkali, Irene and Zorpas, Antonis A. and Navarro Pedreño, Jose and Chatziparaskeva, Georgia and Inglezakis, Vassilis J. and Vardopoulos, Ioannis and Doula, Maria (2021) Measuring the level of environmental performance in insular areas, through key performed indicators, in the framework of waste strategy development. Science of the Total Environment, 753. 141974. ISSN 1879-1026 (

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To measure “something that is not there”, is not easy and at the same time not fully understandable and perceived by the citizens. Several elements (such as, waste production, waste management cost, social attitude and behaviour, etc.) interrupt and disturb any strategy in the framework of waste management. Additionally, through the European Green Deal (EGD), Europe is trying to achieve climate neutrality by 2050, taking into account the Circular Economy Strategy (CES) and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UNSDGs). A Driving Force-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) breakdown was applied, to establish and organize key information's on the environmental performance (E.P) taking into consideration the existing pollution, reviewing the contemporary knowledge and existing implemented waste strategies on the driving forces, pressures, states and impacts. This paper includes several key performed indicators (KPIs), in order to evaluate the E.P of an area, through hybrid approach which cover among others, the waste compositional analysis, SWOT and PESTEL analysis, waste recycling and waste accumulation index, prevention activities, awareness activities etc. The results indicate that, the selected areas implement periodic measures, but they need to put more effort to boost their citizens to participate in any proposed waste strategy. Furthermore, the results are very valuable and helpful to policy makers, consultants, scientists, competent authorities, stakeholders etc., in order to design and promote synergies and activities (mainly in Local Authorities), to reach the proposed figures that EGD, proposed in relation with the CES as well as with the SDGs.


Loizia, Pantelitsa, Voukkali, Irene, Zorpas, Antonis A., Navarro Pedreño, Jose, Chatziparaskeva, Georgia, Inglezakis, Vassilis J. ORCID logoORCID:, Vardopoulos, Ioannis and Doula, Maria;