Supporting antimicrobial stewardship in Ghana : evaluation of the impact of training on knowledge and attitudes of healthcare professionals in two hospitals

Sneddon, Jacqueline and Cooper, Lesley and Afriyie, Daniel Kwame and Sefah, Israel A. and Cockburn, Alison and Kerr, Frances and Cameron, Elaine and Goldthorpe, Joanna and Kurdi, Amanj and Seaton, Andrew (2020) Supporting antimicrobial stewardship in Ghana : evaluation of the impact of training on knowledge and attitudes of healthcare professionals in two hospitals. JAC-Antimicrobial Resistance, 2 (4). dlaa092. ISSN 2632-1823

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    Abstract

    Background A Commonwealth Partnership for Antimicrobial Stewardship was created between the Scottish Antimicrobial Prescribing Group (SAPG), Ghana Police Hospital and Keta Municipal Hospital. During a scoping visit, requirements for implementing antimicrobial stewardship (AMS), areas for improvement and training needs were identified. Methods A multidisciplinary team from SAPG and health psychologists from The Change Exchange developed and delivered multi-professional evidence-based teaching incorporating behavioural science, supported by partner pharmacists in each hospital. Four sessions were delivered over 2 days to 60 participants across both sites. Before and after the sessions participants were asked to complete a knowledge quiz and a behaviours survey. Results were analysied using t-tests. Results Comparison of the participants’ pre and post-test quiz scores ( KMH 9.4 and 10.9, GPH 9.2 and 11.1) demonstrated statistically significant improvement in knowledge of antimicrobial resistance and appropriate use of antibiotics. Comparison of survey responses before and after the education sessions indicated that the education had a positive impact on participants’ attitudes toward the issue of antimicrobial resistance, their role in AMS and confidence in using the Ghana Standard Treatment Guidelines. Participants were also more likely to question colleagues about compliance with guidelines. Forty eight participants (80%) completed a training evaluation and all responded positively. Conclusion The education sessions apeared to be successful in improving knowledge and behaviours of hospital staff. Cascade of an abbreviated version of the training by partner pharmacists and AMS teams in Ghana will ensure that all staff have the opprtunity to develop skills and knowledge to support AMS.

    ORCID iDs

    Sneddon, Jacqueline, Cooper, Lesley, Afriyie, Daniel Kwame, Sefah, Israel A., Cockburn, Alison, Kerr, Frances, Cameron, Elaine, Goldthorpe, Joanna, Kurdi, Amanj ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5036-1988 and Seaton, Andrew;