A multi-objective control strategy for three phase grid-connected inverter during unbalanced voltage sag

Ji, Liang and Shi, Jiabin and Hong, Qiteng and Fu, Yang and Chang, Xiao and Cao, Zhe and Mi, Yang and Li, Zhenkun and Booth, Campbell (2020) A multi-objective control strategy for three phase grid-connected inverter during unbalanced voltage sag. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery. ISSN 0885-8977

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    Abstract

    This paper presents a new multi-objective control strategy for inverter-interfaced distributed generation (IIDG) to ensure its safe and continuous operation under unbalanced voltage sags. The proposed control strategy can effectively improve the low voltage ride through (LVRT) capability, reduce active power oscillations, and limit overcurrent simultaneously, which are marked as the most important control objectives of IIDG during unbalanced voltage sags. The advanced voltage support scheme, which utilizes positive sequence component, is firstly proposed to maximize the LVRT capability of IIDG during unbalanced voltage sags. Then, to ensure the safety of IIDG, the active power oscillation suppression and current limitation algorithm are designed individually. Based on the control algorithms of such objectives, the multi-objective control method, including scenario classification and reference current determination, is then presented to achieve such three objectives under various system conditions simultaneously. Finally, case studies and evaluations based on MATLAB/Simulink are carried out to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.