Investigation of rice husk derived activated carbon for removal of nitrate contamination from water

Satayeva, Aliya R. and Howell, Carol A. and Korobeinyk, Alina V. and Jandosov, Jakpar and Inglezakis, Vassilis J. and Mansurov, Zulkhair A. and Mikhalovsky, Sergey V. (2018) Investigation of rice husk derived activated carbon for removal of nitrate contamination from water. Science of the Total Environment, 630. pp. 1237-1245. ISSN 0048-9697

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    Abstract

    Development of porous carbons with high specific surface area (>1200mg−1) targeted at nitrate removal from aqueous solutions is investigated by chemical activation of carbonized rice husk. Potassium carbonate is used as activating and desilicating agent. The effect of post-synthetic treatment by gas phase ammoxidation with ozone/ammonia or oxidation with concentrated nitric acid followed by nitrification with urea on main physicochemical properties and on the effectiveness of the activated carbons in nitrate removal is compared with those determined for a pristine activated carbonized rice husk sample. The two-fold enhancement of nitrate removal by the urea-modified activated carbon in comparison with pristine and ammoxidated sample is in direct correlation with the development of surface basic groups.