Lead(II) coordination polymers driven by pyridine-hydrazine donors : from anion-guided self-assembly to structural features

Mahmoudi, Ghodrat and Akbari Afkhami, Farhad and Kennedy, Alan R. and Zubkov, Fedor I. and Zangrando, Ennio and Kirillov, Alexander M. and Molins, Elies and Mitoraj, Mariusz P. and Safin, Damir A. (2020) Lead(II) coordination polymers driven by pyridine-hydrazine donors : from anion-guided self-assembly to structural features. Dalton Transactions, 49 (32). pp. 11238-11248. ISSN 1477-9234

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    Abstract

    In this work, we report extensive experimental and theoretical investigations on a new series of PbII coordination polymers exhibiting extended supramolecular architectures, namely [Pb2(LI)(NCS)4]n (1), [Pb(HLII)I2]n (2), [Pb(LIII)I]n (3) and [Pb(HLIV)(NO3)2]n·nMeOH (4), which were self-assembled from different PbII salts and various pyridine-hydrazine based linkers, namely 1,2-bis(pyridin-3-ylmethylene)hydrazine (LI), (pyridin-4-ylmethylene)isonicotinohydrazide (HLII), 1-(pyridin-2-yl)ethylidenenicotinohydrazide (HLIII) and phenyl(pyridin-2-yl)methylenenicotinohydrazide (HLIV), respectively. It is recognized that the origin of self-assembling is fundamentally rooted in a dual donor (6s2/6p0 hybridized lone electron pair) and electrophilic behaviour of PbII. This allows production of extended topologies from a 1D polymeric chain in 4 through a 2D layer in 2 to the 3D frameworks in 1 and 3, predominantly due to the cooperative action of both covalent and non-covalent tetrel interactions of the overall type Pb-X (X = O, N, S, I). Counterintuitively, the latter, seemingly weak interactions, have appeared to be even stronger than the typical covalent bonds due to the presence of a bunch of supportive London dispersion dominated contacts: ππ, Lpπ, C-HO, C-HI, C-HH-C as well as more typical mainly electrostatically driven N-HO or N/O-HO hydrogen bonds. It is revealed that the constituting generally strong tetrel type Pb-X (X = O, N, S, I) bonds, though dominated by a classic Coulomb term, are therefore characterized by a very important London dispersion constituent, extremely strong relativistic effects and the two way dative-covalent Pb ↔ X electron charge delocalization contribution as revealed by the Extended Transition State Natural Orbital for Chemical Valence (ETS-NOCV) charge and energy decomposition scheme. It unravels that the pyridine-hydrazine linkers are also excellent London dispersion donors, and that together with the donor-acceptor properties of the heavy (relativistic) PbII atoms and nucleophilic counterions lead to extended self-assembling of 1-4.