Passive noise control strategies for jets exhausting over flat surfaces : an LES study

Horner, Colby and Sescu, Adrian and Afsar, Mohammed and Collins, Eric and Azarpeyvand, Mahdi (2020) Passive noise control strategies for jets exhausting over flat surfaces : an LES study. In: 2020 AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition, 2020-06-15 - 2020-06-19, Virtual Event.

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    Unconventional aircraft propulsion configurations have to be considered in the future to address environmental issues, including air traffic noise that is know to affect communities surrounding airports. One approach involves rectangular jets in the vicinity of flat surfaces that are parallel to the jet axis in an attempt to shield the noise, but previous experimental work indicated that there is an increase in the noise generated by these configurations, mainly associated with the effect that the plate trailing edge exerts on the flow. In this work, we use large eddy simulations to investigate the potential of wall deformations at the plate trailing edge to reduce jet noise. We consider a high aspect ratio rectangular nozzle exhausting a jet over a flat surface in different configurations, and estimate the farfield noise using the Ffowcs Williams and Hawkins acoustic analogy. Because of the high aspect ratio of the rectangular nozzle, we approximate the jet as being two-dimensional, and use periodic boundary conditions in the spanwise direction. For the configurations that we considered here, the trailing edge deformations did not seem to affect the noise significantly; an overall sound pressure level in the order of 1-2 dB was observed for some selected cases.