A sequential Bayesian approach to online power quality anomaly segmentation

Jiang, Xu and Stephen, Bruce and McArthur, Stephen (2020) A sequential Bayesian approach to online power quality anomaly segmentation. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics. ISSN 1551-3203 (https://doi.org/10.1109/TII.2020.3003979)

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Increased observability on power distribution networks can reveal signs of incipient faults which can develop into costly and unexpected plant failures. While low-cost sensing and communications infrastructure is facilitating this, it is also highlighting the complex nature of fault signals, a challenge which entails precisely extracting anomalous regions from continuous data streams before classifying the underlying fault signature. Doing this incorrectly will result in capture of uninformative data. Extraction processes can be confounded by operational noise on the network including harmonics produced by embedded generation. In this paper, an online model is proposed. Our Bayesian Changepoint Power Quality anomaly Segmentation allows automated segmentation of anomalies from continuous current waveforms, irrespective of noise. Demonstration of the effectiveness of the proposed technique is carried out with operational field data as well as a challenging simulated network, highlighting the ability to accommodate noise from typical network penetration levels of power electronic devices.