Effect of different surface treatment agents on the physical chemistry and electrical properties of polyethylene nano-alumina nanocomposites

Duan, Xuhui and Siew, Wah Hoon and Given, Martin and Liggat, John and He, Jinliang (2020) Effect of different surface treatment agents on the physical chemistry and electrical properties of polyethylene nano-alumina nanocomposites. IET High Voltage, 5 (4). pp. 397-402. ISSN 2397-7264

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    Abstract

    Generally, the electrical properties of nanocomposite are affected by the type, size, filling concentration and surface treatment process of the nanoparticle. In this study, nanocomposites of polyethylene (PE) with varying filling contents of nanoalumina particles were prepared by the melting blending method and three different kinds of coupling agents were applied for surface modification properties of the nanoparticles. Two of them were silane based and the other was titanate based. The effect of different coupling agents on the dielectric properties was studied. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis were used to verify their compositions. Scanning electron microscope and polarised optical microscopy were used for morphology study. Dielectric permittivity, direct current (DC) volume resistivity and DC breakdown strength characterised their improved insulation performance with nano-alumina as filler. Thermal stimulated current results revealed that adding nano-alumina particles into low-density PE could provide more deep traps and increase DC resistivity.