A mixed methods evaluation of a digital intervention to improve sedentary behaviour across multiple workplace settings

MacDonald, Bradley and Gibson, Ann-Marie and Janssen, Xanne and Kirk, Alison (2020) A mixed methods evaluation of a digital intervention to improve sedentary behaviour across multiple workplace settings. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (12). 4538. ISSN 1660-4601

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    Abstract

    Background: Prolonged sedentary behaviour (SB) is associated with risk of chronic diseases. Digital interventions in SB require mixed method evaluations to understand potential for impact in real-world settings. In this study, the RE-AIM QuEST evaluation framework will be used to understand the potential of a digital health promotion application which targets reducing and breaking up SB across multiple workplace settings. Methods: Four companies and 80 employees were recruited to use a digital application. Questionnaires were used to measure SB, and additional health and work-related outcomes at baseline, one month, three month and six month follow-up. Qualitative data was collected through focus groups with employees and interviews with stakeholders. Questionnaire data was analysed using Wilcoxon Sign Rank tests and qualitative data was thematically analysed. Results: The digital application significantly increased standing time at one month for the total group and transitions per hour in one of the companies. Facilitators and barriers were identified across RE-AIM. Conclusions: Addressing the barriers which have been identified, while maintaining the positive attributes will be critical to producing an effective digital application which also has the potential for impact in the real world.