A novel fault let-through energy based fault location for LVDC distribution networks

Wang, Dong and Psaras, Vasileios and Emhemed, Abdullah and Burt, Graeme M. (2020) A novel fault let-through energy based fault location for LVDC distribution networks. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery. ISSN 0885-8977 (https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRD.2020.2998409)

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Low Voltage Direct Current (LVDC) distribution systems have recently been considered as an alternative approach to electrical system infrastructure as they provide the additional flexibility and controllability required to facilitate the integration of more low carbon technologies (LCTs). However, DC protection systems and, more specifically high accuracy DC fault location, have been recognised as a key challenge to facilitating post-fault network maintenance. Most of the existing fault location techniques rely on current derivative or communications-based methods that are either very sensitive to noise, or require a high level of data synchronisation. Fault energy has been recognized as a reliable indicator of more accurate fault location estimations. Therefore, this paper develops a mathematical model for describing fault energy during the transient period of DC faults. The method subsequently proposes a new fault let-through energy based DC fault location working strategy to facilitate post-fault network maintenance. The proposed method does not require data synchronisation regardless of the voltage, current, and the size of the converters connected to the LVDC feeder. The capabilities of the proposed fault location strategy are validated against different faults applied on an LVDC test network in PSCAD/EMTDC and shown to be more reliable and accurate than existing methods.