Wind down

Topham, Eva (2020) Wind down. Land, 2020 (May/Ju). pp. 6-7. ISSN 2073-445X

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Since the first offshore wind farm was built in 1991 in Vindeby, Denmark, the industry has focused on the development and growth of the sector, giving little thought to the end-of-life phase for turbines. Most are designed and certified for a 20–25-year service life: nearly 30 years after Vindeby, only five projects have been decommissioned, and this has been done by trial and error because there are still no clear guidelines or regulations. To date, this has resulted in lengthy, expensive processes.