Web crippling behaviour of cold-formed steel channel sections with edge-stiffened and unstiffened circular holes under interior-two-flange loading condition

Uzzaman, Asraf and Lim, James B.P. and Nash, David and Roy, Krishanu (2020) Web crippling behaviour of cold-formed steel channel sections with edge-stiffened and unstiffened circular holes under interior-two-flange loading condition. Thin-Walled Structures. ISSN 0263-8231 (In Press)

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    Abstract

    Recently, a new generation of cold-formed steel (CFS) channel sections with edge-stiffened circular holes have been developed by industry in New Zealand. No previous research, however, has considered the web crippling strength of CFS channel sections with edge-stiffened circular web holes under the interior-two-flange (ITF) loading conditions. In this paper, a combination of experimental investigation and non-linear finite element analysis (FEA) are used to investigate the effect of edge-stiffened holes under ITF loading conditions;for comparison, channel sections without holes and with unstiffened holes are also considered. In total, 30 web crippling test results are reported. A non-linear finite element (FE) model is described, and the results were compared against the test results, which showed a good agreement in terms of both the web crippling strength and failure modes. The results indicate that the stiffened web holes can significantly improve the web crippling strength of CFS channel sections. Using the validated FE model, a parametric study was conducted which include 1116 FE analyses, covering the effect of different hole sizes, edge-stiffener lengths and fillet radii, length of the bearing plates and position of the holes in the web. From the results of the parametric study, design recommendations in the form of web crippling strength reduction factors are proposed, that are conservative to both the experimental and FE results.