A feed-forward measurement scheme for periodic noise suppression in atomic magnetometry

O'Dwyer, Carolyn and Ingleby, Stuart J. and Chalmers, Iain C. and Griffin, Paul F. and Riis, Erling (2020) A feed-forward measurement scheme for periodic noise suppression in atomic magnetometry. Review of Scientific Instruments, 91 (4). 045103. ISSN 0034-6748

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    Abstract

    We present an unshielded, double-resonance magnetometer in which we have implemented a feed-forward measurement scheme in order to suppress periodic magnetic noise arising from, and correlated with, the mains electricity alternating current line. The technique described here uses a single sensor to track ambient periodic noise and feed forward to suppress it in a subsequent measurement. This feed forward technique has shown significant noise suppression of electrical mains-noise features of up to 22 dB under the fundamental peak at 50 Hz, 3 dB at the first harmonic (100 Hz), and 21 dB at the second harmonic (150 Hz). This technique is software based, requires no additional hardware, and is easy to implement in an existing magnetometer.