A parametric study on the effects of process conditions on dehydrogenation, wall shear and slag entrainment in the vacuum arc degasser using mathematical modelling

Karouni, Faris and Wynne, Bradley P. and Talamantes-Silva, Jesus and Phillips, Stephen (2018) A parametric study on the effects of process conditions on dehydrogenation, wall shear and slag entrainment in the vacuum arc degasser using mathematical modelling. ISIJ International, 58 (9). pp. 1679-1686. ISSN 0915-1559

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    Abstract

    The effect of vacuum pressure and argon flow rate on hydrogen degassing of molten steel in a triple plug, 100 tonne vacuum arc degasser has been examined using a three phase Eulerian CFD-mass transfer coupled model. The model takes into account the interaction between the slag, steel and argon phases over a 20-minute degassing period. Increasing the argon flowrate from 13-29 Nm3hr−1 produces a 10% increase in the hydrogen removal ratio, generating a faster melt velocity and larger slag eye. This also results in the maximum shear stress on the ladle walls increasing by a factor of 2.2 and the shear stress integrated across the wall increasing by a factor of 3.75, thus contributing to enhance refractory erosion. Within the same flowrate range the volume of entrained slag also increases by a factor of 1.4, which may result in increased nitrogen/oxygen pickup. Reducing the vacuum pressure maintains a low equilibrium hydrogen concentration and allows more efficient hydrogen removal, with a 38% reduction in the removal ratio between 102−104 Pa.