A distributed control scheme of microgrids in energy internet and its multi-site implementation

Wang, Yu and Nguyen, Tung Lam and Syed, Mazheruddin Hussain and Xu, Yan and Van Hoa, Nguyen and Guillo-Sansano, Efren and Burt, Graeme and Tran, Quoc Tuan and Caire, Raphael (2021) A distributed control scheme of microgrids in energy internet and its multi-site implementation. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, 17 (2). pp. 1141-1153. ISSN 1551-3203

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    Abstract

    Internet-of-Things concepts are evolving the power systems to the Energy Internet paradigm. Microgrids (MGs), as the basic element in an Energy Internet, are expected to be controlled in a cooperative and flexible manner. This article proposes a novel distributed control scheme for multiagent systems (MASs) governed MGs in future Energy Internet. The control objectives are frequency/voltage restoration and proportional power sharing. The proposed control scheme considers both intra- and inter-MASs interactions, which offers group plug-and-play capability of distributed generators. The stability and communication delay issues in the control framework are analysed. A multisite implementation framework is presented to explain the agent architecture as well as data exchange in local area networks and the cloud server. Then a cyber hardware-in-the-loop experiment is conducted to validate the proposed control method with multisite implementation. The experimental results prove the effectiveness and application potentials of the proposed approach.

    ORCID iDs

    Wang, Yu, Nguyen, Tung Lam, Syed, Mazheruddin Hussain ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3147-0817, Xu, Yan, Van Hoa, Nguyen, Guillo-Sansano, Efren ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2773-4157, Burt, Graeme ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0315-5919, Tran, Quoc Tuan and Caire, Raphael;