On models and approaches for human vital signs extraction from short range radar signals

Czerkawski, Mikolaj and Ilioudis, Christos and Clemente, Carmine and Michie, Craig and Andonovic, Ivan and Tachtatzis, Christos (2019) On models and approaches for human vital signs extraction from short range radar signals. In: 14th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, 2020-03-15 - 2020-03-20. (In Press)

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    Abstract

    The paper centres on an assessment of the modelling approaches for the processing of signals in CW and FMCW radar-based systems for the detection of vital signs. It is shown that the use of the widely adopted phase extraction method, which relies on the approximation of the target as a single point scatterer, has limitations in respect of the simultaneous estimation of both respiratory and heart rates. A method based on a velocity spectrum is proposed as an alternative with the ability to treat a wider range of application scenarios.