Influences and trends of various shape-capture methods on outcomes in trans-tibial prosthetics : a systematic review

Suyi Yang, Eddie and Aslani, Navid and McGarry, Anthony (2019) Influences and trends of various shape-capture methods on outcomes in trans-tibial prosthetics : a systematic review. Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 43 (5). ISSN 0309-3646 (

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Introduction: In trans-tibial prosthetics, shape-capture methods are employed to create a representation of the residuum. Shape-capture methods can be grouped into the categories of 'hands-on', 'hands-off' and computer-aided design. Objective: This review examines the influences and trends of shape-capture methods on the outcomes of quality, comfort of user and clinical efficiency, in the population of trans-tibial prosthesis users. Study Design: Systematic Review Method: Databases and relevant journals were searched. Participants included trans-tibial prosthetics users/limb models. Interventions included shape-capture methods. Outcomes included quality, comfort of user and clinical efficiency. Results: Overall, 22 papers were evaluated; 8 papers evaluated hands-on and hands-off methods, 2 evaluated computer-aided design and 12 evaluated measurement systems used with shape capture. No papers relating to clinical efficiency were found. Conclusion: Overall evidence was weak in suggesting that effects on outcomes were due to the sole influences of shape capture. However, studies suggest that hands-on methods are dependent on a prosthetist's skill. Hands-off methods, although repeatable, might still require experience to attain a good fit. Computer-aided design studies were mostly done on theoretical models. Shape-capture measurements require more consistent 'gold standards'. The relation between socket fit and comfort is still unclear. Overall, more research is required in each area. Clinical relevance: A good fitting prosthetic socket is crucial for efficient and comfortable use of a prosthesis. To attain the best chances of a good fit, it is important that the characteristics of the residuum are captured as accurately as possible during the initial "shape capture" stage. This paper attempts to categorize and evaluate the existing shape capture methods on their influence and trends on various outcomes - Quality of shape capture, comfort of user and clinical efficiency.