2D optical gratings based on hexagonal voids on transparent elastomeric substrate

Piccolo, Valentina and Chiappini, Andrea and Armellini, Cristina and Barozzi, Mario and Lukowiak, Anna and Sazio, Pier-John A. and Vaccari, Alessandro and Ferrari, Maurizio and Zonta, Daniele (2018) 2D optical gratings based on hexagonal voids on transparent elastomeric substrate. Micromachines, 9 (7). 345. ISSN 2072-666X

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    Abstract

    A chromatic vectorial strain sensor constituted by hexagonal voids on transparent elastomeric substrate has been successfully fabricated via soft colloidal lithography. Initially a highly ordered 1.6 microns polystyrene spheres monolayer colloidal crystal has been realized by wedge-shaped cell method and used as a suitable mold to replicate the periodic structure on a polydimethylsiloxane sheet. The replicated 2D array is characterized by high periodicity and regularity over a large area, as evidenced by morphological and optical properties obtained by means of SEM, absorption and reflectance spectroscopy. In particular, the optical features of the nanostructured elastomer have been investigated in respect to uniaxial deformation up to 10% of its initial length, demonstrating a linear, tunable and reversible response, with a sensitivity of 4.5 ± 0.1 nm/%. Finally, it has been demonstrated that the specific geometrical configuration allows determining simultaneously the vectorial strain-stress information in the x and y directions.