Modelling thermally induced non-equilibrium gas flows by coupling kinetic and extended thermodynamic methods

Yang, Weiqi and Gu, Xiao-Jun and Emerson, David R. and Zhang, Yonghao and Tang, Shuo (2019) Modelling thermally induced non-equilibrium gas flows by coupling kinetic and extended thermodynamic methods. Entropy, 21 (8). 816. ISSN 1099-4300

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    Abstract

    Thermally induced non-equilibrium gas flows have been simulated in the present study by coupling kinetic and extended thermodynamic methods. Three dierent types of thermally induced gas flows, including temperature-discontinuity- and temperature-gradient-induced flows and radiometric flow, have been explored in the transition regime. The temperature-discontinuity-induced flow case has shown that as the Knudsen number increases, the regularised 26 (R26) moment equation system will gradually loss its accuracy and validation. A coupling macro- and microscopic approach is employed to overcome these problems. The R26 moment equations are used at the macroscopic level for the bulk flow region, while the kinetic equation associated with the discrete velocity method (DVM) is applied to describe the gas close to the wall at the microscopic level, which yields a hybrid DVM/R26 approach. The numerical results have shown that the hybrid DVM/R26 method can be faithfully used for the thermally induced non-equilibrium flows. The proposed scheme not only improves the accuracy of the results in comparison with the R26 equations, but also extends their capability with a wider range of Knudsen numbers. In addition, the hybrid scheme is able to reduce the computational memory and time cost compared to the DVM.