NGOs and the International Law Commission draft articles on the protection of persons in the event of disasters : a relationship of mutual or grudging respect?

Evangelidis, Elena and O'Donnell, Therese (2019) NGOs and the International Law Commission draft articles on the protection of persons in the event of disasters : a relationship of mutual or grudging respect? Yearbook of International Disaster Law. (In Press)

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    Abstract

    Disasters and the human suffering that follows is on the increase. Between 2005 and 2015, nearly 800,000 deaths were attributed to disasters. According to the UN, 134,000,000 people needed humanitarian assistance in 2018 alone. Certain states are identified as particularly prone to disasters but the catastrophic effects are often international. The paradigmatic case of transboundary harm is the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, which killed and affected people in twelve states. Even where disasters do not transcend territorial boundaries, domestic response capacities are often overwhelmed, necessitating international assistance. Although external states provide humanitarian relief, in practice, the majority of state aid is channelled through UN agencies and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs).