Simulation of casting filling process using the lattice Boltzmann method

Zhang, Y J and Qian, X W and Zhou, J X and Yin, Y J and Shen, X and Ji, X. Y. and Huang, J L (2019) Simulation of casting filling process using the lattice Boltzmann method. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 529 (1). 012061. ISSN 1757-899X (

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Numerical simulation of casting filling process with complex shape is time-consuming. Compared with the traditional SOLA-VOF method, the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) calculates the pressure field by particle distribution functions instead of the correction of the velocity and pressure fields, which greatly simplifies the calculation process. In addition, the LBM provides a flexible approach which can be easily parallelized. In this study, the LBM is employed to simulate casting filling process. An implementation of a volume-of-fluid (VOF) method within the lattice Boltzmann framework is proposed to capture the free surface of the casting filling process. A Smagorinsky large eddy simulation (LES) model is adopted to improve the numerical stability of the LBM. An adaptive time stepping technique is implemented to ensure an efficient and stable simulation. The model is validated by the experimental and simulation results of Campbell box filling process. The filling process of complex casting is simulated, and the result is compared with the filling process obtained by the SOLA-VOF method. The prediction accuracy and reliability of free surface profile is analysed.