Study of the magnetization loss of CORC® cables using a 3D T-A formulation

Wang, Yawei and Zhang, Min and Grilli, Francesco and Zhu, Zixuan and Yuan, Weijia (2019) Study of the magnetization loss of CORC® cables using a 3D T-A formulation. Superconductor Science and Technology, 32 (2). 025003. ISSN 0953-2048

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    Abstract

    A Conductor on Round Core (CORC®) cable wound with a high temperature superconductor is an important cable concept for high current density applications. The design of a CORC cable makes understanding its electromagnetic performance—for example its AC losses—challenging. This paper presents a thorough study of CORC cables by combining experimental and numerical methods. In particular, it focuses on understanding how the cable structure influences the magnetization losses and on how these can be reduced. A novelty of this paper lies in the use of a new T-A formulation, which, for the first time, is employed for three-dimensional modelling of a CORC cable with real geometry. The use of the new T-A formulation in finite element software enables the study of how the winding direction and multiple-layer structure affect the magnetization losses of CORC cables. Moreover, influence of striation in CORC cables is studied as an effective way to reduce their losses. A CORC cable with striated tapes shows a significant magnetization loss reduction at high magnetic fields, in comparison to its counterpart without striated tapes. At low magnetic fields, tape striation leads to an increase in loss when the number of filaments is low, then the loss drops with a further increase in the number of filaments, but this loss reduction is much weaker than that at high fields. This paper provides an efficient tool for investigating the electromagnetic behaviour of CORC cables, which can provide valuable guidance in designing CORC cables with minimized losses for high energy physics and energy conversion applications.