Integrated charging of EVs using existing LVDC light rail infrastructure : a case study

Smith, Kyle and Hunter, Lewis and Galloway, Stuart and Booth, Campbell and Kerr, Colin and Kellett, Michael (2019) Integrated charging of EVs using existing LVDC light rail infrastructure : a case study. In: 2019 3rd IEEE International Conference on DC Microgrids (ICDCM), 2019-05-20 - 2019-05-23.

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This paper outlines an approach to integrating electric vehicle (EV) charging systems to existing low voltage direct current (LVDC) public electrical transport infrastructure. Existing utility networks face challenges of accommodating a multitude of new connections associated with the adoption of EV charging infrastructure but when present, electrical light rail or tram networks represent a good opportunity to provide fast construction and less disruptive city centre charging implementation. Light rail network operation requires immediate power capacity to be available from any point on the network but if this margin were to be relaxed it opens up opportunities for sharing the available capacity with EV charging systems. This paper presents an electrical capacity assessment based on four separate charging control strategies applied to the public tram system in the City of Edinburgh, Scotland. The results of these studies, earthing and wider system protection requirements are considered and preliminary findings made.