Object detection and classification in aerial hyperspectral imagery using a multivariate hit-or-miss transform

Macfarlane, Fraser and Murray, Paul and Marshall, Stephen and White, Henry (2019) Object detection and classification in aerial hyperspectral imagery using a multivariate hit-or-miss transform. Proceedings of SPIE, 10986. 1098619. ISSN 0277-786X

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    Abstract

    High resolution aerial and satellite borne hyperspectral imagery provides a wealth of information about an imaged scene allowing for many earth observation applications to be investigated. Such applications include geological exploration, soil characterisation, land usage, change monitoring as well as military applications such as anomaly and target detection. While this sheer volume of data provides an invaluable resource, with it comes the curse of dimensionality and the necessity for smart processing techniques as analysing this large quantity of data can be a lengthy and problematic task. In order to aid this analysis dimensionality reduction techniques can be employed to simplify the task by reducing the volume of data and describing it (or most of it) in an alternate way. This work aims to apply this notion of dimensionality reduction based hyperspectral analysis to target detection using a multivariate Percentage Occupancy Hit or Miss Transform that detects objects based on their size shape and spectral properties. We also investigate the effects of noise and distortion and how incorporating these factors in the design of necessary structuring elements allows for a more accurate representation of the desired targets and therefore a more accurate detection. We also compare our method with various other common Target Detection and Anomaly Detection techniques.