First measurement of the Hubble Constant from a dark standard siren using the Dark Energy Survey galaxies and the LIGO/Virgo binary–black-hole merger GW170814

Soares-Santos, M. and Angelova, S. V. and Birney, R. and Lockerbie, N. A. and Macfoy, S. and Reid, Stuart, The DES Collaboration, The LIGO Scientific Collaboration, The Virgo Collaboration (2019) First measurement of the Hubble Constant from a dark standard siren using the Dark Energy Survey galaxies and the LIGO/Virgo binary–black-hole merger GW170814. Astrophysical Journal, 876 (1). L7. ISSN 0004-637X

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    Abstract

    We present a multi-messenger measurement of the Hubble constant H 0 using the binary–black-hole merger GW170814 as a standard siren, combined with a photometric redshift catalog from the Dark Energy Survey (DES). The luminosity distance is obtained from the gravitational wave signal detected by the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO)/Virgo Collaboration (LVC) on 2017 August 14, and the redshift information is provided by the DES Year 3 data. Black hole mergers such as GW170814 are expected to lack bright electromagnetic emission to uniquely identify their host galaxies and build an object-by-object Hubble diagram. However, they are suitable for a statistical measurement, provided that a galaxy catalog of adequate depth and redshift completion is available. Here we present the first Hubble parameter measurement using a black hole merger. Our analysis results in , which is consistent with both SN Ia and cosmic microwave background measurements of the Hubble constant. The quoted 68% credible region comprises 60% of the uniform prior range [20, 140] km s−1 Mpc−1, and it depends on the assumed prior range. If we take a broader prior of [10, 220] km s−1 Mpc−1, we find  (57% of the prior range). Although a weak constraint on the Hubble constant from a single event is expected using the dark siren method, a multifold increase in the LVC event rate is anticipated in the coming years and combinations of many sirens will lead to improved constraints on H 0.