Peripheries - the agenda

Danson, Mike and de Souza, Peter (2013) Peripheries - the agenda. Fraser of Allander Economic Commentary, Special E (4). pp. 5-10. ISSN 2046-5378

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According to analysis for the European Commission, three of the four leaders in innovation in the European Union are the Nordic countries of Denmark, Finland and Sweden – Germany being the other. Confirming this tendency to modernity and adaptation to the demands of a globalised marketplace, in a similar pan-European study, it has been observed that there are: “economically successful regions with below average accessibility. Often ... sparsely populated and remote ... in the Nordic Countries, north-east of Spain, Scotland, Ireland and in and around northern Italy. ... Regions in the Nordic Countries, for example, have overcome their peripheral location by capitalising on current strengths in relation to ICT, research, educational and environmental opportunities and less on improving their accessibility”. ESPON (2010), New Evidence on Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Territories. Polycentric Europe: smart, connected places, First ESPON 2013 Synthesis Report.