A Story of 2.0 Texts and of the Landing of the Paris Agreement

Sindico, Francesco (2015) A Story of 2.0 Texts and of the Landing of the Paris Agreement. Preprint / Working Paper. University of Strathclyde, Glasgow.

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The Paris Agreement provides much needed momentum to the international climate change regime by providing a legal and policy platform for climate change action for the years to come. The negotiations leading to such an outcome were not easy, and a successful outcome was reached only because Parties were ready to compromise in order to secure a final agreement. The French Presidency of COP21 has repeatedly called for landing zones to be found on the most difficult areas of the negotiations. This paper compares the final Paris Agreement with the last Draft Text that was released on Thursday 10th December. It suggests that three areas of contention in the negotiations (cooperative mechanisms, loss and damage and transparency), reveal that the common red line was always differentiation between developed and developing countries.