Effect of wall transpiration and heat transfer on Görtler vortices in high-speed flows

Sescu, Adrian and Al-aziz, Radwa and Afsar, Mohammed (2019) Effect of wall transpiration and heat transfer on Görtler vortices in high-speed flows. AIAA Journal, 57 (3). pp. 1159-1171. ISSN 0001-1452

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    Abstract

    Görtler vortices in boundary layer flows over concave surfaces are caused by the imbalance between centrifugal effects and radial pressure gradients. Depending on various geometrical and/or freestream flow conditions, vortex breakdown via secondary instabilities leads to early transition to turbulence. It is desirable, therefore, to reduce vortex energy in an attempt to delay the transition from laminar to turbulent flow, and thereby achieve a reduced frictional drag. To this end, we apply a proportional control algorithm aimed at reducing the wall shear stress and the energy of Görtler vortices evolving in high-speed boundary layers. The active control scheme is based on wall transpiration with sensors placed either in the flow or at the wall. In addition, we evaluate the effect of wall cooling and heating on Görtler vortices evolving in high-speed boundary layers, by reducing or increasing the upstream wall temperature. The numerical results are obtained by solving the full Navier-Stokes equations in generalized curvilinear coordinates, using a high-order numerical algorithm. Our results show that the active control based on wall transpiration reduces both the wall shear stress and the energy of the Görtler vortices; the passive control based on wall cooling or heating reduces the wall shear stress, but slightly increases the energy of the vortices in both supersonic and hypersonic regimes.