Picture of boy being examining by doctor at a tuberculosis sanatorium

Understanding our future through Open Access research about our past...

Strathprints makes available scholarly Open Access content by researchers in the Centre for the Social History of Health & Healthcare (CSHHH), based within the School of Humanities, and considered Scotland's leading centre for the history of health and medicine.

Research at CSHHH explores the modern world since 1800 in locations as diverse as the UK, Asia, Africa, North America, and Europe. Areas of specialism include contraception and sexuality; family health and medical services; occupational health and medicine; disability; the history of psychiatry; conflict and warfare; and, drugs, pharmaceuticals and intoxicants.

Explore the Open Access research of the Centre for the Social History of Health and Healthcare. Or explore all of Strathclyde's Open Access research...

Image: Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust. Wellcome Collection - CC-BY.

The Just Transition Challenge : Avoiding Carbon Leakage and Jobs Off-Shoring in Decarbonising International Supply Chains

Turner, Karen and Katris, Antonios and de Vries, Frans P. and Low, Ragne (2018) The Just Transition Challenge : Avoiding Carbon Leakage and Jobs Off-Shoring in Decarbonising International Supply Chains. [Report]

Text (Turner-etal-IPPI-2018-Avoiding-carbon-leakage-and-jobs-off-shoring-in-decarbonising-international-supply-chains)
Final Published Version
License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 logo

Download (252kB) | Preview


Industrial decarbonisation is a major challenge in terms of both emissions reduction and the ‘just transition’ element of the 2015 Paris Agreement. It raises issues of potential carbon leakage and associated offshoring of jobs and economic value (GDP) if carbon reduction policies impact the location decisions of industry. We use economic multiplier metrics to help quantify the extent of these potential displacement effects. Focussing on cement production as a particular decarbonisation challenge, we demonstrate that displacement of currently EU-based production activity could potentially lead to reductions in domestic jobs and GDP, combined with a net increase in global CO2 emissions. Our key conclusion is that a strong argument exists to address the industrial decarbonisation challenge where emissions are currently located. The ‘just transition’ element of the Paris agreement emphasises the need to retain and grow jobs and GDP whilst meeting climate targets in the long term. This will always be a preferable outcome over jobs off-shoring/GDP loss and not meeting targets in the short and long term.