Barely visible impact damage assessment in laminated composites using acoustic emission

Saeedifar, Milad and Najafabadi, Mehdi Ahmadi and Zarouchas, Dimitrios and Toudeshky, Hossein Hosseini and Jalalvand, Meisam (2018) Barely visible impact damage assessment in laminated composites using acoustic emission. Composites Part B: Engineering, 152. pp. 180-192. ISSN 1359-8368 (

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Despite the key advantages of Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) composites, they are susceptible to Barely Visible Impact Damage (BVID) under transverse loadings. This study investigates BVID in two quasi-isotropic carbon/epoxy laminates under quasi-static indentation and Low-Velocity Impact (LVI) loadings using Acoustic Emission (AE). First, the evolution of interlaminar and intralaminar damages is studied by analyzing the AE signals of the indentation test using b-value and sentry function methods. Then, the specimens are subjected to the LVI loading and the induced damages are compared with the indentation test and the percentage of each damage mechanism is calculated using Wavelet Packet Transform (WPT). In consistent with the mechanical data, ultrasonic C-scan and digital camera images of the specimens, the AE results show a considerable similarity between the induced BVID under quasi-static indentation and LVI tests. Finally, the obtained results show that AE is a powerful tool to study BVID in laminated composites under quasi-static and dynamic transverse loadings.